Indoor STEM Activities for Kids

As winter begins, keeping kids both physically and mentally active becomes a challenging task for parents and educators. During these colder months, when outdoor adventures are limited, it’s crucial to find creative ways to engage young minds and bodies. This period of relative confinement does not need to be seen as a setback, but rather an opportunity for educational development. Focusing on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) activities can be an excellent strategy to keep students engaged in winter. This article offers a variety of indoor STEM activities engaging and fun for children of all ages.

The Magic of Kitchen Chemistry

Chemistry is all around us, especially in the kitchen! It’s a fantastic way to get students excited about science through hands-on learning. Here are five chemistry activities that turn your kitchen into a science lab:

Baking Soda Volcano:

Create a classic reaction using baking soda and vinegar to simulate a volcanic eruption. It’s a fun way to demonstrate chemical reactions and understand the concept of acid-base reactions.

Edible Water Bubbles:

Using calcium lactate and sodium alginate, make edible water bubbles. This edible activity introduces the magic of chemistry in food science and can easily be implemented at home or in the classroom.

Homemade Slime:

Combine glue, baking soda, and contact lens solution to create slime. This activity demonstrates key chemistry concepts and introduces hands-on learning concepts to students.

Milk Art:

Add food coloring to milk and then touch it with a cotton swab dipped in dish soap. Watch the colors explode! This simple experiment teaches about surface tension and chemical reactions.

Invisible Ink with Lemon Juice:

Write with lemon juice on paper, let it dry, and then reveal the secret message with heat. This activity is an excellent way to discuss the concept of oxidation.

Building Engineering Skills with Household Items

Engineering isn’t just about complex machinery or the design of new structures. While these things do play a part in the role, engineering is about creative problem-solving, innovative thinking, and so much more! Below are five engineering activities that use everyday items:

Popsicle Stick Bridges:

Use popsicle sticks and glue to construct bridges. This activity introduces concepts of structural engineering and the physics of weight distribution.

Plastic Cup Towers:

Stack plastic cups in various formations to build the tallest or most stable tower. This helps kids understand balance, gravity, and structural integrity.

Paper Airplane Challenge:

Design and fly paper airplanes. Experiment with different designs to learn about aerodynamics and flight mechanics. This is a great option for competitive siblings looking to see who can create the most effective airplane.

Egg Drop Contraptions:

Build a device to protect an egg from a high fall using common household items. This experiment teaches about impact forces and materials science.

Marshmallow and Toothpick Structures:

Create structures using marshmallows and toothpicks. This is a fun way to explore geometric shapes and stability in construction.

Do it Yourself (DIY) Coding Games

In our digital age, coding has become a fundamental skill, essential for navigating the rapidly evolving technological landscape. To foster this critical ability, here are five DIY coding activities that creatively teach coding concepts without the need for a computer:

Binary Code Bracelets:

Create bracelets with beads in two colors to represent names coded in binary. This hands-on activity not only introduces the concept of binary code but, visually demonstrates how computers use binary to represent data. It’s an engaging way to connect the abstract world of coding with a tangible, creative project.

Coding with Playing Cards:

Design a simple game using playing cards to represent different coding functions or commands. This activity teaches the basics of programming logic in a fun, interactive way, encouraging kids to think like a programmer as they sequence the cards to create ‘programs.’ 

Algorithm Treasure Hunt:

Write down a set of instructions (algorithms) for finding a hidden object. This activity highlights the importance of precise instructions in coding and helps children understand how algorithms are used to solve problems.

Board Game Programming:

Create a board game where players use basic programming logic to move their pieces. This game emphasizes the sequential nature of coding and decision-making processes in programming. 

Debugging Challenge:

Develop puzzles that require ‘debugging’ to solve. This introduces the concept of finding and fixing errors in code, a crucial skill in programming. Through these puzzles, children learn to identify mistakes and think critically about how to correct them, mirroring the real-world process of debugging in software development.

Physics in Your Living Room

Physics doesn’t have to be confined to a classroom environment; it can come alive right in your living room, transforming it into a dynamic playground for learning and discovery. To illustrate this, here are four physics activities that demonstrate fundamental principles through everyday objects and simple setups:

Balloon Rocket:

 Create a balloon rocket by attaching a balloon to a string track using a straw and tape. As the air rushes out of the balloon, it propels the balloon forward, vividly illustrating Newton’s Third Law of Motion – for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. 

Homemade Pendulum:

Construct a simple pendulum by suspending a weight from a string. Observing its motion provides insights into pendulum physics, including how the period of a pendulum’s swing is influenced by the length of the string. 

Static Electricity Butterflies:

In this experiment, paper butterflies are made to ‘fly’ using the power of static electricity. By simply rubbing a balloon on hair or wool and then bringing it close to the paper butterflies, children can observe how the static charge causes the butterflies to move. 

Inertia Experiments with Coins:

Engage in various experiments using coins to demonstrate the concept of inertia. One example is the classic ‘tablecloth pull’ trick, where a swift pull of a tablecloth leaves the coins undisturbed, illustrating inertia – the tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion. 

Nature Science on a Windowsill

Biology, the study of living organisms, isn’t limited to vast forests or laboratories; it can begin right on your windowsill, turning it into a mini-laboratory for observing life’s wonders. Below are five biology-based activities that allow kids to explore various aspects of plant and animal life, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of the natural world around them:

Growing a Bean Plant in a Jar:

Witness the growth cycle of a plant by planting a bean in a jar filled with soil or a damp paper towel. This activity not only allows children to observe the stages of germination and growth, but teaches them about the basic needs of plants and the process of photosynthesis.

Butterfly Life Cycle Observation:

Create an environment to observe the lifecycle of a butterfly, from a caterpillar to a chrysalis, and finally, to a butterfly. This hands-on experience offers insight into the concepts of metamorphosis and adaptation in insects, showcasing the wonders of biological transformation.

Windowsill Herb Garden:

Cultivate a small herb garden on a windowsill, which provides an opportunity to learn about plant care, the process of photosynthesis, and the importance of sunlight and water for plant growth. Additionally, it can introduce concepts like herb uses in cooking and medicine, linking biology with everyday life.

Bird Watching Journal:

Encourage children to maintain a journal of birds that visit the area, noting their characteristics, behaviors, and the times they are spotted. This not only hones observational skills, but teaches about avian species, their habitats, and the importance of local ecosystems in supporting wildlife.

Creative Problem Solving with Fun Challenges

Soft skills, such as problem-solving and critical thinking, are essential to student success in their education, personal life, and future careers. Engage students in critical thinking with these five STEAM activities:

Rube Goldberg Machine:

Challenge kids to design and build a Rube Goldberg machine, a complex contraption designed to perform a simple task. This activity fosters creativity and problem-solving skills, as children learn to connect different objects and concepts to achieve a desired outcome, demonstrating cause and effect in a fun and imaginative way.

Escape Room Challenge:

Create a DIY escape room at home with puzzles and challenges based on STEM concepts. This activity not only provides a thrilling and immersive experience, but encourages critical thinking, teamwork, and the application of knowledge in mathematics, science, and engineering to solve real-world problems.

Shadow Art:

Use objects and a light source to create interesting shadow figures or scenes on a wall or screen. This integrates art with physics: particularly the science of light and shadows, encouraging children to explore the creative aspects of STEM to understand how light behaves and interacts with objects.

Math Puzzles and Games:

Engage children with math puzzles like Sudoku or custom-created math-based games. These activities help reinforce mathematical concepts playfully, promoting logical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are essential components of mathematical understanding.

Eco-Friendly Design Project:

Encourage children to create something useful or artistic out of recycled or repurposed materials. This project not only stimulates creativity and innovation, but instills an awareness of environmental sustainability, teaching the importance of recycling and reusing materials in fun and practical ways.

Incorporating Technology with Virtual Learning Tools

Technology is changing the way we live our lives daily and, for most, the way we do our jobs. Below are examples of technology-based activities that can get students engaged indoors this winter:

Virtual Field Trips:

Embark on virtual field trips to explore museums, historic sites, or natural wonders from around the globe, all from the comfort of your home. These online journeys offer a unique opportunity to delve into various subjects, from art and history to science and geography, making learning interactive and accessible.

Interactive Learning Adventures:

Leverage the power of technology through apps and websites that provide interactive learning adventures in STEM subjects. These platforms turn complex concepts into engaging, hands-on experiences, allowing children to experiment, explore, and learn in a dynamic and interactive environment.

Online Coding Tutorials:

Engage with a variety of online platforms that offer coding tutorials through interactive lessons, games, and challenges. These resources are designed to make learning to code fun and accessible, providing step-by-step guidance and engaging activities that teach the fundamentals of programming enjoyably and effectively.

Virtual Reality (VR) Space Exploration:

Experience the wonders of the universe through virtual reality (VR) technology, which provides a highly immersive space exploration experience. By donning a VR headset, children can embark on virtual tours of distant planets, galaxies, and other celestial bodies, making the vastness of space more tangible and exciting.

Check Out These Kits from STEM Sports®

To take the guesswork out of planning and executing STEM activities, STEM Sports® offers a variety of curriculum options for K-8 students. These resources are designed to make indoor (or outdoor) STEM learning fun, highly effective, and easy to implement for both parents and educators. To explore our current offerings and find the perfect tools to ignite a passion for STEM in your children or students this winter, click here.

Do you wish to stay up-to-date with STEM Sports®?

Sign up below to receive the latest information on our STEM education, curriculum and available resources.